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Reference style (PPS) 



 

      Information for Authors 
 

Author Instructions

(for your convenience, you can also download this document as PDF file)

Surgical Neurology International® (ISSN 2152-7806) is an open access, Internet-only journal that rapidly publishes the latest developments in the field of neurosurgery and related clinical and basic neurosciences. Surgical Neurology International® will also discuss timely and controversial clinical, social, ethical, and political subjects related to the neurosciences of its readers worldwide. Surgical Neurology International® is an independent publication that is not affiliated with any society or organization. The journal welcomes papers and opinions from neurosurgeons and clinical and basic neuroscientists everywhere. Its papers can be downloaded for free by anyone.

Submission declaration

Submission of an article to SNI implies that the work described has not been published previously (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture or academic thesis), that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere, that its publication is approved by all authors and tacitly or explicitly by the responsible authorities where the work was carried out, and that, if accepted, it will not be published elsewhere including electronically in the same form, in English or in any other language, without the written consent of the copyright-holder.

Submission

Submission to Surgical Neurology International® proceeds totally online and you will be guided stepwise through the creation and uploading of your files. During metadata entry step, please be sure to add details of all authors and co-authors correctly by clicking on “add author” button. Details once entered will not be changed after submission. Once submitted the word file (preferably compiled 1 word file containing all table and figures) will be used in the peer-review process. All correspondence, including notification of the Editor's decision and requests for revision, takes place by e-mail removing the need for a paper trail.

Use of word processing software

It is important that the file be saved in the native format of the word processor used. The text should be in single-column format. Keep the layout of the text as simple as possible. Most formatting codes will be removed and replaced on processing the article. In particular, do not use the word processor's options to justify text or to hyphenate words. However, do use bold face, italics, subscripts, superscripts etc. Do not embed "graphically designed" equations or tables, but prepare these using the word processor's facility. When preparing tables, if you are using a table grid, use only one grid for each individual table and not a grid for each row. If no grid is used, use tabs, not spaces, to align columns. To avoid unnecessary errors you are strongly advised to use the "spell-check" and "grammar-check" functions of your word processor.

Page layout & styles

  • Page size Letter Portrait 8 1⁄2 X 11
  • Margins All Margins, 1cm
  • Page number Numbered at bottom centre
  • Footer / Headers None

Title

  • 18 pt Times New Roman, bold, centered

Author and co-authors

  • 14 pt Times New Roman centered, bold - author and all co-authors names in one line.
  • The corresponding author should include an asterisk*.

Authors address

  • 12 pt Times New roman centered - giving each authors' affiliation (i.e. Department, Organization, Address, Place, Country, Email).
  • Followed by single line spacing below the names: Indicate all affiliations with a lower-case superscript letter immediately after the author's name and in front of the appropriate address.
  • Add separately email id`s of all coauthors in front of their name on the title page.

Author for Correspondence

  • 10pt Times New roman centered - giving a valid e-mail of the corresponding (main) author is a must. It should be indicated as* followed by two line spacing.
  • Clearly indicate who will handle correspondence at all stages of refereeing and publication, also post-publication.
  • Ensure that telephone and fax numbers (with country and area code) are provided in addition to the e-mail address and the complete postal address.

Abstract

  • 12 pt Times New roman, full justification Normal - maximum 250 words. It should be concise and factual.

The abstract should state briefly the purpose of the research, the principal results and major conclusions. An abstract is often presented separately from the article, so it must be able to stand alone. For this reason, references, acronyms, and footnotes should be avoided. Also, non-standard or uncommon abbreviations should be avoided, but if essential they must be defined at their first mention in the abstract itself. The abstract should consist of four categories labeled "Background," "Methods," "Results," and "Conclusions." Respectively, they should briefly describe the problem being addressed, how the study was performed, the salient results, and what the authors conclude from the results. For case reports, "Methods" and "Results" sections may be replaced with "Case Description," if appropriate.

Keywords

  • Immediately after the abstract, provide a maximum of 6 keywords, avoiding general and plural terms and multiple concepts (avoid, for example, "the", "or", “and”).
  • Be sparing with abbreviations: only abbreviations firmly established in the field may be eligible.
  • These keywords will be used for indexing purposes.

Acknowledgements

  • Collate acknowledgements and include them in the First Page file; do not include them within the manuscript.
  • List here those individuals who provided help during the research (e.g., providing language help, writing assistance or proof reading the article, etc.).

Text

  • 12 pt Times New roman, full justification - double line spacing between paragraphs. No indentation
  • All text should be fully justified.
  • Do not number your titles (for example, 1.0 Introduction; 2.0 Background).
  • Do not use the tab key to indent blocks of text such as paragraphs of quotes or lists because the page layout program overrides your left margin with its own, and the tabs end up in mid-sentence.

Heading

  • Major headings (Abstract, Keywords, Introduction, Materials and methods, Results and discussion, Acknowledgment, References) left-justified, 12 pt bold
  • Intermediate headings should be in italics, sentence case, left justified, 12 pt

Tables

  • To be incorporated at the end of Manuscript. Number tables consecutively in accordance with their appearance in the text.
  • Correct: "Table 1: Age distribution of consumers........."
  • Incorrect: "Table No. 1: Age distribution of consumers........."

Figures /Graphs

  • Figures may be embedded in your word document but they should be created with a program that allows you to save them as gif or jpg .
  • For any figures or other materials directly extracted from previously published materials, you must have written permission from the publisher of that material for reprint use.
  • A copy of that permission release must be submitted with your article. It is the individual author's responsibility to attain this permission.

Figure legend

  • To be incorporated at the end of the manuscript with proper labeling
  • Correct: "Figure 1 : Schematic diagram........."
  • Incorrect: "Figure No. 1 : Schematic diagram........."

Graphs

  • To be included from excel, it should be editable. Non - editable graphs will not be accepted.

References

  • Please ensure that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list (and vice versa).
  • Unpublished results and personal communications are not recommended in the reference list, but may be mentioned in the text. If these references are included in the reference list they should follow the standard reference style of the journal and should include a substitution of the publication date with either "Unpublished results" or "Personal communication" Citation of a reference as "in press" implies that the item has been accepted for publication.
  • Identify references in text, tables, and legends by Arabic numerals in superscript with square bracket after the punctuation marks.
  • References cited only in tables or figure legends should be numbered in accordance with the sequence established by the first identification in the text of the particular table or figure.
  • References should be listed in alphabetical order, from A to Z.
  • If you use software to format references automatically, you may like to download and use our EndNote style or Papers style.
    Installation for EndNote style: unzip and copy into the folder “EndNote > Styles”
    Installation for Papers style: unzip and copy into the folder “Papers 2 > Library.papers2 > Styles”
  • Articles should be submitted without automatic formatting, used by EndNote or Papers. In EndNote, you can use the “remove field codes” option. For Papers, you can follow these steps.
  • Use the style of the examples below, which are based on the formats used by the NLM in Index Medicus.

The commonly cited types of references are shown here, for other types of references such as newspaper items please refer to the ICMJE Guidelines (see examples).

Correct / Acceptable Citation

This sentence needs a reference.[12] And then we continue with the next sentence.

Example references

1. Single/Multiple Authors
Cagin T, Wang G,Martin R, Breen N, Goddard WA, Molecular modelling of dendrimers for nanoscale applications, Nanotechnology, 2000; 11(2), 77-84.

2. More than six authors
Cagin T, Wang G, Martin R, Zamanakos G, Vaidehi N, Mainz DT, et al. Multiscale modeling and simulation methods with applications to dendritic polymers. Computational and Theoretical Polymer Science. February 2001; 11: 345-356.

3. Organization as Author
Hypertension Program Research Group. Hypertension, insulin, and proinsulin in participants with impaired glucose tolerance. Hypertension. 2002; 40(5): 679-86.

4. Unknown Author
21st century heart solution may have a sting in the tail. BMJ. 2002; 325(7357): 184-5.

5. Journal article on the Internet
Abood S. Quality improvement initiative in nursing homes: the ANA acts in an advisory role. Am J Nurs [serial on the Internet]. 2002 Jun [cited 2002 Aug 12]; 102(6): [about 3 p.]. Available from: http://www.nursingworld.org/AJN/2002/june/Wawatch.htm

6. Personal author(s)
Murray PR, Rosenthal KS, Kobayashi GS, Pfaller MA. Medical microbiology. 4th ed. St. Louis: Mosby; 2002.

7. Editor(s), compiler(s) as author
Gilstrap LC 3rd, Cunningham FG, VanDorsten JP, editors. Operative obstetrics. 2nd ed. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2002.

8. Author(s) and editor(s)
Breedlove GK, Schorfheide AM. Adolescent pregnancy. 2nd ed. Wieczorek RR, editor. White Plains (NY): March of Dimes Education Services; 2001.

9. Organization(s) as author
Royal Adelaide Hospital; University of Adelaide, Department of Clinical Nursing. Compendium of nursing research and practice development, 1999-2000. Adelaide (Australia): Adelaide University; 2001.

10. Chapter in a book
Marshall GR, St. Louis, Beusen DD, Abraham DJ ed., Molecular Modelling in drug design In: Burger’s Medicinal Chemistry and Drug discovery. Volume I, 6th edition.Virginia, John Wiley and Sons, Inc., 2003; p. 77-168.

11. Conference proceedings
Mulla JS, Jamakandi VG, editors. Formulation And Evaluation of Ketorolac Tromethamine Loaded Bovine Serum Albumin Microspheres, Second International Conference and Indo-Canadian Satellite Symposium on Pharmaceutial Sciences, Technology, Practice and natural Products; 2007 Feb 24-26; Ooty, India.

12. Thesis
N. Khoshakhlagh. The compositions of volatile fractions of Peganum harmala seeds and its smoke. Pharm. D. Thesis, Faculty of Pharmacy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. (2002).

13. Web references
As a minimum, the full URL should be given. Any further information, if known (DOI, author names, dates, reference to a source publication, etc.), should also be given.

14. Website information
Cancer-Pain.org [homepage on the Internet]. New York: Association of Cancer Online Resources, Inc.; c2000-01 [updated 2002 May 16; cited 2002 Jul 9]. Available from: http://www.cancer-pain.org/.

Submission of Manuscript

Manuscripts should be submitted using the online submission system.

Confirmation

All messages and reviews sent electronically will be confirmed electronically upon receipt.

Protection of Patients' Rights to Privacy

Identifying information should not be published in written descriptions, photographs, sonograms, CT scans, etc., and pedigrees unless the information is essential for scientific purposes and the patient (or parent or guardian, wherever applicable) gives written informed consent for publication. Authors should remove patients' names from figures unless they have obtained written informed consent from the patients. When informed consent has been obtained, it should be indicated in the article and copy of the consent should be attached with the covering letter.

Conflicts of Interest / Competing Interests

All authors of must disclose any and all conflicts of interest they may have with publication of the manuscript or an institution or product that is mentioned in the manuscript and/or is important to the outcome of the study presented. Authors should also disclose conflict of interest with products that compete with those mentioned in their manuscript.

Human and Animal Rights

When reporting experiments on human subjects, authors should indicate whether the procedures followed were in accordance with the ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation (institutional and national) and with the Helsinki Declaration of 1975, as revised in 2000. If doubt exists whether the research was conducted in accordance with the Helsinki Declaration, the authors must explain the rationale for their approach, and demonstrate that the institutional review body explicitly approved the doubtful aspects of the study. When reporting experiments on animals, authors are asked to indicate whether the institutional and national guide for the care and use of laboratory animals was followed.

Publication Fees

Surgical Neurology International® charges authors of accepted manuscripts the following fees to cover the costs associated with publication (all fees are in U.S. dollars):

  • Original Articles, Technical Notes, and Review Articles: $400
  • Case Reports and Short Communications: $180
  • Image Reports and Letters to the Editor: $80

There are no additional fees for images or figures, regardless of the number of colors. If an author is not in a position to pay the established publication fee, he/she may petition to have the fee waived by e-mailing the journal at editor@surgicalneurologyint.com.

Downloads

Click here to download instructions

 

These ready to use templates are made to help the contributors write as per the requirements of the Journal.

Save the templates on your computer and use them with a word processor program. 
Click open the file and save as the manuscript file.

In the program keep 'Document Map' and 'Comments' on from 'View' menu to navigate through the file. 


Download Template for Original Articles/ABSTRACT Reports. (.DOT file)

Download Template for Case Reports.  (.DOT file)

Download Template for Review Articles.  (.DOT file)

Download Template for Letter to the Editor.  (.DOT file)

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