- Division of Neurosurgery, Department of Surgery, Notre Dame Hospital, University of Montreal Hospital Centre, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Michel W. Bojanowski
Division of Neurosurgery, Department of Surgery, Notre Dame Hospital, University of Montreal Hospital Centre, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
DOI:10.4103/2152-7806.69382© 2010 Weil AG This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
How to cite this article: Weil AG, McLaughlin N, Lessard-Bonaventure P, Bojanowski MW. A misleading distal anterior cerebral artery aneurysm. Surg Neurol Int 16-Sep-2010;1:55
How to cite this URL: Weil AG, McLaughlin N, Lessard-Bonaventure P, Bojanowski MW. A misleading distal anterior cerebral artery aneurysm. Surg Neurol Int 16-Sep-2010;1:55. Available from: http://sni.wpengine.com/surgicalint_articles/a-misleading-distal-anterior-cerebral-artery-aneurysm/
Background:Aneurysmal rupture causing pure acute subdural hematoma (aSDH) is rare. In the four previously reported cases of distal anterior cerebral artery (ACA) aneurysm resulting in pure aSDH, blood distribution in the interhemispheric (IH) space has systematically incriminated the distal ACA as the source of rupture. We present a misleading case of a distal ACA rupture resulting in convexity aSDH with minimal IH blood.
Case Description:A 51-year-old patient presented in coma with decerebrate posturing and a blown left pupil from a left convexity acute hemispheric subdural hematoma. She underwent urgent left craniectomy and subdural hematoma evacuation. Given the absence of identifiable etiology, including trauma, we performed an immediate postoperative Computed tomography-angiography (CTA) in order to rule out an underlying cause. The CTA revealed an aneurysm originating from the callosomarginal artery branch of the ACA. Although the minimal amount of IH blood and the remote distance of convexity blood from the aneurysm suggested that it may be a fortuitous finding, we considered the possibility that the two might be related. The patient underwent surgical aneurysm clipping, confirming that it had ruptured and allowing complete aneurysm obliteration. Following the procedure, the patient’s neurological and functional status gradually improved.
Conclusion:Ruptured distal ACA aneurysms may present with convexity isolated aSDH with minimal IH blood. Quantity and distribution of isolated aSDH can be misleading and is not always a reliable predictor of aneurysm location. Misinterpretation of the aneurysm as an incidental finding would lead to improper management with potentially serious consequences.
Keywords: Pure acute subdural hematoma, aneurysm, anterior cerebral artery, callosomarginal artery
Distal anterior cerebral artery (ACA) ruptured aneurysms presenting as isolated acute subdural hematoma (aSDH) are rare. In the literature, only four such cases have been reported, and in all the four there was a thick, wedge-shaped subdural blood clot in the interhemispheric (IH) fissure.[
A 51-year-old female patient with no previous past medical history presented with acute headache followed by rapid deterioration of her level of consciousness to coma with decerebrate posturing and a blown left pupil. There was no history of trauma or coagulopathy. Computed tomography (CT) showed a left convexity acute hemispheric subdural hematoma without intraparenchymal or intraventricular hemorrhage. There was doubtful subarachnoid hemorrhage [
Pure aSDH without SAH caused by aneurysmal rupture is very rare and has only been described in 31 other cases in the literature.[
Our case of distal ACA rupture is misleading because the aneurysmal rupture led to convexity aSDH with minimal IH blood. There is always the possibility that a ruptured aneurysm could have led to fall, which in turn gave rise to a secondary convexity subdural bleed. However, this does not apply in our case since our patient did not experience a fall nor a head trauma. There is also the possibility that the aneurysm was an incidental finding during the investigation of a spontaneous aSDH. However, intraoperative findings clearly confirmed that the aneurysm bled in this patient in whom no other cause or risk factor could be identified. This case demonstrates that, as with subarachnoid hemorrhage, we cannot always rely on the location of the subdural hematoma to exclude the possibility that it is caused by a ruptured aneurysm.[
The mechanism underlying aneurysmal bleed into the subdural space is based on aneurysmal rupture across the arachnoid membrane, either from a high pressure bleed or from adhesion of the aneurysm to the arachnoid and/or dura from prior bleeds resulting in an extension of the aneurysm into the subdural space.[
The disability and mortality rates are high in pure aSDH from ruptured aneurysms.[
Ruptured distal ACA aneurysms may present with convexity isolated aSDH with minimal IH blood. Quantity and distribution of isolated aSDH can be misleading and is not always a reliable predictor of aneurysm location.
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