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Ahmed Ansari1, Raman Mohan Sharma1, Hanuman Prasad Prajapati2, Mohd Tabish Khan1, M. Fakhrul Huda1
  1. Department of Neurosurgery, Jawahar Lal Nehru Medical College, Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh, India.
  2. Department of Neurosurgery, Uttar Pradesh University of Medical Sciences, Etawah, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Correspondence Address:
Ahmed Ansari, Department of Neurosurgery, Jawahar Lal Nehru Medical College, Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh, India.

DOI:10.25259/SNI_633_2021

Copyright: © 2021 Surgical Neurology International This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-Share Alike 4.0 License, which allows others to remix, tweak, and build upon the work non-commercially, as long as the author is credited and the new creations are licensed under the identical terms.

How to cite this article: Ansari A1, Sharma RM1, Prajapati HP2, Khan MT1, Huda MF1. Determination of ideal patient candidacy for anterior odontoid screw fixation. Surg Neurol Int 09-Aug-2021;12:395

How to cite this URL: Ansari A1, Sharma RM1, Prajapati HP2, Khan MT1, Huda MF1. Determination of ideal patient candidacy for anterior odontoid screw fixation. Surg Neurol Int 09-Aug-2021;12:395. Available from: https://surgicalneurologyint.com/surgicalint-articles/11033/

Date of Submission
24-Jun-2021

Date of Acceptance
20-Jul-2021

Date of Web Publication
09-Aug-2021

Sir,

We read with great interest the article by Fiani et al.[ 1 ] on determination and optimization of ideal patient candidacy for anterior odontoid screw fixation. The authors have very rightly pointed out the utilization of this technique to treat Type IIB odontoid fractures, which has been shown to preserve atlantoaxial motion, limit soft-tissue injuries/blood loss/vertebral artery injury/ reduce operative time, provide adequate osteosynthesis, incur immediate spinal stabilization, and allow motion preservation of C1 and C2. It is limited by patient characteristics such as fracture morphology, transverse ligament rupture, remote injuries, short neck or inability to extend neck, barrel chested, and severe spinal kyphosis.

We have observed that fracture stabilization and healing are the foremost problems in elderly patients. Of course, anterior odontoid screw fixation (AOSF) is the preferred option for young individuals, as it maintains neck mobilization in this age group. Anterior displacement or neutral position of the fractured segment is again an important positive determinant in choosing AOSF. We prefer intraoperative traction in extension position, with a finger place inside mouth to push the anteriorly displaced segment backwards, or push the spinous process of C2 with palm to move the posteriorly directed fractured segment forward for easy negotiation of odontoid screw. All-in-all, a solid posterior fixation should be considered for patients with a failed AOSF.

Declaration of patient consent

Patient’s consent not required as there are no patients in this study.

Financial support and sponsorship

Publication of this article was made possible by the James I. and Carolyn R. Ausman Educational Foundation.

Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.

References

1. Fiani B, Doan T, Covarrubias C, Shields J, Sekhon M, Rose A. Determination and optimization of ideal patient candidacy for anterior odontoid screw fixation. Surg Neurol Int. 2021. 12: 170

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