- Department of Neurosurgery, Helsinki University Hospital, Helsinki, Finland
- International Center for Neurosurgery, Henan Provincial People's Hospital, Zhengzhou, China
International Center for Neurosurgery, Henan Provincial People's Hospital, Zhengzhou, China
DOI:10.4103/sni.sni_268_18Copyright: © 2018 Surgical Neurology International This is an open access journal, and articles are distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 License, which allows others to remix, tweak, and build upon the work non-commercially, as long as appropriate credit is given and the new creations are licensed under the identical terms.
How to cite this article: Joham Choque-Velasquez, Juha Hernesniemi. Microsurgical clipping of a ruptured A1 segment aneurysm. 04-Dec-2018;9:247
How to cite this URL: Joham Choque-Velasquez, Juha Hernesniemi. Microsurgical clipping of a ruptured A1 segment aneurysm. 04-Dec-2018;9:247. Available from: http://surgicalneurologyint.com/surgicalint-articles/9109/
Background:Proximal anterior cerebral artery aneurysms are usually rare small aneurysms, mostly arising at the origin of perforating arteries on the A1 segment. They account for
Technique:The patient was placed in supine position. The head, positioned above the cardiac level, was slightly rotated (20°–30°) and tilted to the opposite side with minimal extension. A right lateral supraorbital approach followed by a frontal ventricular drainage was applied to reduce intracranial pressure before dura opening. Intradurally, the carotid cistern was opened to release some extra cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and to expose the internal carotid artery bifurcation and the A1 segment. Once, some surrounding adherences and clots indicated the probable location of the aneurysm, a temporary clip was applied on the proximal A1 segment to facilitate the dissection of the aneurysm base, the A1 artery, and the evolved perforators. A ruptured aneurysm arising at the origin of an aberrant fronto-orbital artery was discovered. Initial pilot clip was applied in the aneurysm base and the temporary clip was released. With a controlled aneurysm and after a careful vascular dissection, a definitive clip was placed under temporary trapping. After careful evaluation of some residual neck, a second definitive clip was applied under the first one by a double-clip technique. Intraoperative angiography determined complete occlusion of the aneurysm. The orbitofrontal branch was occluded as well, and small pieces of surgicel embedded in papaverine were applied over its surface. Finally, after opening the lamina terminalis, an external third ventriculostomy was placed for additional CSF removal, replacing the frontal external ventriculostomy.
Conclusion:Skillful microneurosurgery is required for the management of challenging small ruptured A1 segment aneurysms.
Keywords: A1 aneurysm, clipping, double-clip, microneurosurgery, small aneurysm