Surgical Neurology International® (SNI) is an open access, Internet-only journal that publishes the latest developments in the field of neurosurgery and related clinical and basic neurosciences. SNI® will also discuss timely and controversial clinical, social, ethical, and political subjects related to the neurosciences of its readers worldwide. SNI® is an independent publication that is not affiliated with any society or organization. The journal welcomes papers and opinions from neurosurgeons and clinical and basic neuroscientists everywhere. Articles submitted to SNI must undergo a double-blind peer review process. SNI publishes on a continuous basis, currently averaging 25 articles per month. Its papers can be downloaded for free by anyone.

Since its inception, SNI is and has been apolitical; it does not discriminate in any way regarding an author’s political, religious, racial, geographical, sexual, or any other characteristic in its publications. The material published must be fact-based. SNI understands that facts may be interpreted differently by different readers. We will publish the information from any source for all to read as long as the source follows those same principles. This policy also applies to commentaries in response to published material. SNI is open to all opinions and to a fair free exchange of information so people can decide the truth from those opinions. "Do unto others as you would have done unto you” is the fundamental principle that SNI follows. 

Mission Statement

SNI is a peer-reviewed, international medical journal dedicated to neuroscience and neurosurgery, and all aspects related to these disciplines. SNI is an independent journal not affiliated with any medical society or organization. SNI is free to neuroscientists as well as to the general public, in the interest of medical education and the advancement of science; as such, its articles can be downloaded by anyone. The highest goal of SNI is to arrive at truth by the scientific method, with integrity in its published scientific research, and by the defense of the interests of patients worldwide. In SNI, the patient-doctor relationship is paramount; patients come first, ahead of third-party payers, ahead of the medical and pharmaceutical industries, and ahead of any interests of the State.

Unlike other consensual medical journals that refrain from discussing controversial issues, SNI will encourage debate in our editorials, commentaries, and letters to the editors. We want all sides of the issues to be heard. This includes discussions in bioethics, neuroethics, medical ethics, socio-economics, health care policy, and medical politics. Our editorials will challenge dogmatism and orthodoxy when the need arises with logical reasoning, valid data, and the scientific method (when applicable) in the pursuit of free inquiry, the free exchange of ideas, and the quest for scientific truth.

Surgical Neurology International will also strive to counteract medical misinformation, correct errors of fact and logic in the medical literature -- particularly in neurosurgical practice and in neuroscience research -- impacting current socioeconomic issues affecting health care policy. Nevertheless, science for SNI comes first, and scientific research papers and original clinical articles will be the journal's main content.

Review process

SNI has a highly rigorous double-blind peer-review process that makes sure that manuscripts are scientifically accurate, relevant, novel and important. Authors disclose all conflicts of interest, affiliations and financial disclosures such that the published content is not biased.

In-house submissions that contain the work of any editorial board member, are not allowed to be reviewed by that editorial board member and all decisions regarding this manuscript are made by an independent editor. In addition, these manuscripts are reviewed by the two external reviewers.

Editorial team

The editorial board comprises a panel of experts in neurosurgery from various countries to provide their expertise and guidance to the Editor-In-Chief in maintaining the clarity of content and focus of the journal’s purpose.

Journal Ethics

SNI and Scientific Scholar are committed to meeting and upholding standards of ethical behaviour at all stages of the publication process. We closely follow the industry associations, such as the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE), International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) and World Association of Medical Editors (WAME), that set standards and provide guidelines for best practices in order to meet these requirements. For a summary of our specific policies regarding duplicate publication, conflicts of interest, patient consent, etc., please visit


While advertisements are crucial to this journal to be able to keep all content free for everyone, ethical considerations are in place to ensure the integrity of the journal and its content:

  • “Pop-up” and “banner” ads appear on a random, rotating basis. The advertiser has no control or input over the pages where their ads appear.
  • The Editorial Board has full and final approval over the content of all advertisements.
  • Advertisers will never be shown any manuscripts or other content prior to publication.

Abstracting and Indexing Information:

The journal is registered with the following abstracting partners:

Baidu Scholar, CNKI (China National Knowledge Infrastructure), EBSCO Publishing's Electronic Databases, Ex Libris – Primo Central, Google Scholar, Hinari, Infotrieve, National Science Library, ProQuest, TdNet, Wanfang Data

The journal is indexed with, or included in, the following:

PubMed Central, Scimago Journal Ranking, SCOPUS

Open Access Publication and Creative Commons Licensing

This is an open access journal, and articles are distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 License, which allows others to remix, tweak, and build upon the work non-commercially, as long as appropriate credit is given and the new creations are licensed under the identical terms.

Digital Archiving

Scientific Scholar provides for long-term digital preservation through its partnership with Portico.

Portico is a leading digital preservation service worldwide. The content is preserved as an archival version and is not publicly accessible via Portico, but is provided when required under specific conditions, such as discontinuation of the collection or catastrophic failure of the website.

Scientific Scholar

Scientific Scholar, USA, was established with the aim of publishing scientific journals. The mission of the company is "Share, Learn and Improve."

Scientific Scholar was previously under Imaging Science Today, LLC, but the Scientific Journal Publishing business was separated from from Imaging Science Today LLC in 2017, and registered a new entity as Scientific Scholar, LLC, in 2018.

Imaging Science Today was founded in 2011 by a group of practicing doctors and industry specialists. It is a well-respected medical publisher that fully supports many of the popular open access models and all the aspects of scientific journal publishing through its peer-review management system -- Scientific Scholar and Open Access platform. The headquarters of Scientific Scholar is in Rochester, NY, USA with a subsidiary arm in India.

Scientific Scholar currently publishes many prestigious journals like American Journal of Interventional Radiology, American Journal of Sonography, and many others. For further details, please visit

View our Editorial Board