Editor-in-Chief

Nancy Epstein, MD
Professor of Clinical Neurosurgery,
School of Medicine, State University of New York at Stony Brook; New York, NY

Chief of Neurosurgical Spine and Education
NYU Winthrop Hospital; Mineola, NY

Emeritus Editor-in-Chief

James I. Ausman, MD, PhD
Professor of Neurosurgery, Harbor-UCLA and UCLA Medical Centers; Los Angeles, CA
Desert Spine and Neurosurgery; Palm Springs, CA

Founding Editors

James Ausman – University of California at Los Angeles; Los Angeles, CA, USA
Atos de Sousa (2010-2013) – Gerais Santa Casa Hospital and Lifecenter Hospital; Belo Horizonte, Brazil
Robert "Bob" Goodkin (2010-2012) – University of Washington; Seattle, WA, USA
Pat Kelly – NYU School of Medicine; New York, NY, USA
Neil Martin – Geisinger Health System; Danville, PA

Managing Editor

Jim Cook
31855 Date Palm Drive, Suite 3-400
Cathedral City, CA 92234
(760) 349-6600

Supplements

SNI: Computational

Associate Editor-in-Chief:

Pieter L. Kubben, MD, PhD
Maastricht University Medical Center; Maastricht, The Netherlands

Editors:

Alkinoos Athanasiou - Aristotle University of Thessaloniki; Thessaloniki, Greece
Philippe Bijlenga - Hôpitaux Universitaires de Genève; Geneva, Switzerland
Philiippe Schucht - Inselspital, Universitätsspital Bern; Bern, Switzerland
Michael Murek - Inselspital, Universitätsspital Bern; Bern, Switzerland
Peter Willems - Leiden University Medical Center; Leiden, The Netherlands
Felix Scholtes - Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Liege; Liège, Belgium
Erik Gommer - Maastricht University Medical Center; Maastricht, The Netherlands
Guillaume Charvet - Clinatec; Grenoble, France
Francesco DiMeco - Istituto Nazionale Neurologico "C.Besta"; Milan, Italy

SNI: Epilepsy

Associate Editor-in-Chief:

Travis Sean Tierney, MD
Nicklaus Children’s Hospital; Miami, FL, USA

SNI: General Neurosurgery

Associate Editor-in-Chief:

C. David Hunt, MD
Marquette General Neurosurgery; Brooklyn, NY, USA

SNI: Head and Spinal Cord Transplantation

Associate Editors-in-Chief:

Sergio Canavero, MD
XiaoPing Ren, MD
HEAVEN/GEMINI International Collaborative Group, Turin, Italy

Editors:

Farid Amirouche, MD – University of Illinois at Chicago

SNI: Infection

Associate Editor-in-Chief:

Ali Akhaddar, MD, IFAANS
Avicenne Military Hospital; Marrakech, Morocco

Editors:

Mohamed Benzagmout –University Hospital of Fez; Fez, Morocco
Walter Hall – State University of New York; Syracuse, NY, USA
Julio Sotelo -- National Institute of Neurology and Neurosurgery; Mexico City, Mexico
Mehmet Turgut – Adnan Menderes University School of Medicine; Aydin, Turkey

SNI: Medical Legal Public Health and Policy

Associate Editor-in-Chief:

Clark Watts, MD
University of Texas School of Law; Austin, TX, USA

SNI: Neuroanatomy/Neurophysiology

Associate Editor-in-Chief:

Dennis Malkasian
University of California at Los Angeles; Los Angeles, CA, USA

SNI: Neuroanesthesia and Critical Care

Associate Editor-in-Chief:

Ramsis F. Ghaly
University of Illinois at Chicago; Chicago, IL, USA

SNI: Neuroendoscopy

Associate Editor-in-Chief:

J. André Grotenhuis, MD
Radboud University Medical Center; Nijmegen, The Netherlands

SNI: Neuro-Inflammation

Associate Editor-in-Chief:

Russell Blaylock, MD
Advanced Nutritional Concepts and Theoretical Neurosciences; Flowood, MS, USA

Editors:

F. Gómez-Pinilla - University of California at Los Angeles; Los Angeles, CA, USA

SNI: Neuro-oncology and Skull Base

Associate Editor in Chief:

Ekkehard Kasper, MD
Harvard Medical School; Boston, MA, USA

Editors:

Lauren Hertan - Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center; Boston, MA, USA
Anand Mahadevan - Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center; Boston, MA, USA
Bridgid O'Connor - Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center; Boston, MA, USA

SNI: Neuropatholgy

Associate Editor-in-Chief:

Istvan Vajtai
Institute of Pathology "Laenggasse," Bern, Switzerland

SNI: Neurosurgery Concepts: Perspectives on Key Articles in Neurosurgery

Associate Editors-in-Chief:

Zach Smith, MD
Northwestern University; Chicago, IL, USA

Isaac Yang, MD
UCLA Medical Center; Los Angeles, CA, USA

Editors:

A.M. Bohnen - Northwestern University; Chicago, IL, USA
J.M. Cho - Ajou University School of Medicine; Suwon, South Korea
C.B. Colen - Beaumont Hospital; Grosse Pointe, MI, USA
N.S. Dahdaleh - Northwestern University; Chicago, IL, USA
E. Duckworth - Baylor College of Medicine; Houston, TX, USA
A.V. Germanwala - Loyola University School of Medicine; Maywood, IL, USA
P. Kan - Baylor College of Medicine; Houston, TX, USA
A. Khalessi - University of California at San Diego; San Diego, CA, USA
C.Y. Kim - Seoul National University Bundang Hospital; Seongnam-si, Gyeonggi-do, South Korea
S. Lam - Baylor College of Medicine; Houston, TX, USA
G. Li - Stanford University; Stanford, CA, USA
M. Lim - Johns Hopkins University; Baltimore, MD, USA
J.H. Sherman - George Washington University; Washington, DC, USA
V.Y. Wang - University of California at San Francisco; San Francisco, CA, USA
G. Zada - Keck School of Medicine at U.S.C.; Los Angeles, CA, USA

SNI: Neurovascular

Associate Editor-in-Chief:

Kazuhiro Hongo, MD
Shinsui University; Matsomoto Japan

Editors:

Vladimir Beneš - Charles University; Prague, Czech Republic
A. Braunowski - University Hospital of Regensburg; Regensburg, Germany
G.W. Britz - The Methodist Hospital; Houston, TX, USA
J.A. Dye - University of California at Los Angeles; Los Angeles, CA, USA
J. Frösen - Helsinki University Central Hospital; Helsinki, Finland
Atul Goel, MD – King Edward Memorial Hospital, Mumbai, India
G. Grasso - University of Palermo; Palermo, Italy
Tetsuyoshi Horiuchi, MD, PhD – Shinshu University School of Medicine, Asahi, Japan
Kiyohiro Houkin, MD, PhD – Hokkaido University Hospital, Sapporo, Japan
Vijendra K. Jain - Max Superspecialty Hospital; New Delhi, India
Yoko Kato - Fujita Health University Hospital, Toyoake, Japan
M.J. Korja - Macquarie University Hospital; Sydney, Australia
Satoshi Kuroda, MD, PhD – University of Toyama, Toyama, Japan
G. Lanzino - Mayo Clinic; Rochester, MN, USA
Yasushi Matsumoto, MD – Kohnan Hospital, Sendai, Japan
R. Loch Macdonald - University of Toronto; Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Yuichi Murayama, MD – Jikei University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan
Mika Niemela - Helsinki University Central Hospital; Helsinki, Finland
E.S. Nussbaum - St. Joseph's Hospital; Twin Cities, MN, USA
J.V. Rosenfeld - Monash Institute of Medical Engineering; Melbourne, Australia
Amitendu Sekhar - Manipal Hospital; Salem, India
T. Shibuya - Nihon University School of Medicine; Tokyo, Japan
Yuichiro Tanaka, MD – St. Marianna University School of Medicine, Kawasaki, Japan
P. Taussky - University of Utah; Salt Lake City, UT, USA
K. Van Overbeeke - Maastricht University Medical Centre; Maastricht, The Netherlands
Shinichi Yoshimura – Hyogo College of Medicine, Hyogo, Japan
J. Zabramski - Barrow Neurosurgical Associates; Phoenix, AZ, USA

SNI: Nursing

Associate Editor-in-Chief:

Nancy Epstein, MD
NYU Winthrop Hospital; Mineola NY, USA

SNI: Pain

Associate Editor-in-Chief:

Jeff Brown
Neurological Surgery, P.C.; Great Neck, NY, USA

SNI: Pediatric Neurosurgery

Associate Editor-in-Chief:

Sandi Lam, MD
Baylor College of Medicine/Texas Children’s Hospital; Houston, TX, USA

Editors:

G. Grant - University Medical Center; Durham, NC, USA
J. Lazareff - University of California at Los Angeles; Los Angeles, CA, USA
M.Z. Tahir - Great Ormond Street Children's Hospital, NHS Foundation Trust; London, UK
F. Van Calenbergh - University Hospitals; Leuven, Belgium

SNI: Review of Randomized Controlled Trials

Associate Editor-in-Chief:

Benjamin W. Y. Lo, MD
Montreal Neurological Institute & Hospital, McGill University; Quebec, Canada

Editors:

Mark Angle — Montreal Neurological Institute & Hospital, McGill University; Quebec, Canada
Hitoshi Fukuda – Kochi University Hospital; Kochi, Japan
Hidetoshi Kasuya – Tokyo Women’s Medical University Medical Center East; Tokyo, Japan
Masaomi Koyanagi – National Hospital Organization Himeji Medical Center (Kyoto University); Hyogo, Japan
Matthew Wai-Man Lui – Queen Mary Hospital, University of Hong Kong; Pokfulam, Hong Kong
David Sinclair – Montreal Neurological Institute & Hospital, McGill University
Jeanne Teitelbaum – Montreal Neurological Institute & Hospital, McGill University; Quebec, Canada
Toshihiko Wakabayashi – Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya University; Nagoya, Japan
George Kwok Chu Wong – Prince of Wales Hospital, Chinese University of Hong Kong; Shatin, Hong Kong

Ad Hoc Members:

Mitchell A. H. Levine –McMaster University; Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
Abbas Sadikot – Montreal Neurological Institute & Hospital, McGill University

SNI: Revista Argentina de Neurocirugica

Associate Editors-in-Chief:

Mariano Socolovsky, MD
Hospital de Clínicas; CABA, Argentina

Matteo Baccanelli;
Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires; Buenos Aires, Argentina


Codirector: Álvaro Campero - Hospital Padilla, S. M. Tucumán
Secretario de Redacción: Rubén Mormandi - FLENI, CABA
Editor Fundador: León Turjanski - Hospital Cosme Argerich, CABA

Comité de Redacción
Matteo Baccanelli - Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires
Martín Guevara - Hospital Fernández, CABA
Martín Saez - Hospital Gandulfo, Lomas de Zamora
Fidel Sosa - Hospital El Cruce, Florencio Varela
Pablo Rubino - Hospital El Cruce, Florencio Varela
Pablo Ajler - Hospital Italiano, CABA
Sergio Pampín - Hospital Posadas, Ramos Mejía
Tomás Funes - Sanatorio Otamendi, CABA
Jorge Bustamante - Hospital El Cruce, Florencio Varela
Federico Landriel - Hospital Italiano, CABA
Leopoldo Luque - Hospital El Cruce, Florencio Varela

Comité Asesor y de Revisión
Coordinador: Marcelo Platas
Miembros:
Jaime Rimoldi
Jorge Oviedo
Rafael Torino
Juan Mezzadri
Graciela Zúccaro
Luis Lemme Plaghos
Jorge Salvat
Julio César Suarez
Julio Antico
Horacio Fontana
Oscar Stella
Antonio Carrizo
Silvia Berner
Jorge Lambre
Francisco Papalini
León Turjanski
Alejandra Rabadán
Javier Gardella

Comité de Trabajo Suplementum Revista Argentina de Neurocirugía - Surgical Neurology International
Matteo Baccanelli - Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires
Pablo Ajler - Hospital Italiano, CABA
Federico Landriel - Hospital Italiano, CABA

SNI: Socioeconomics, Politics, Medicine and World Affairs

Associate Editors-in-Chief:

James I Ausman, MD, PhD
University of California at Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, USA

Russell Blaylock, MD
Advanced Nutritional Concepts and Theoretical Neurosciences; Flowood, MS, USA

Walter Johnson, MD
World Health Organization; Geneva, Switzerland

SNI: Stereotactic

Associate Editor-in-Chief:

Antonio F. DeSalles, MD
University of California at Los Angeles; Los Angeles, CA, USA

Editors:

L. Angelov - Cleveland Clinic; Cleveland, OH, USA
T. Bergenheim- University of Umeå; Umeå, Sweden
P.T. Brainer-Lima - University de Pernambuco; Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil
P. Coubes - Montpellier University Hospital; Montpellier, France
S. Eljamel - University of Dundee; Scotland, UK
E.E. Fanselow - University of Pittsburgh; Pittsburgh, PA, USA
L. Frighetto - Moinhos de Vento Hospital; Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil
I. Germano - Mount Sinai School of Medicine; New York, NY, USA
A. Gorgulho - University of California; Los Angeles, CA, USA
C. Hamani - University of Toronto; Toronto, Canada
H. Hirabayashi - University of Nara Medical School; Kashihara-City, Nara, Japan
R. Jensen - University of Utah; Salt Lake City, UT, USA
B. Jonker - University of Sydney; Sydney, Australia
D. Kondziolka - University of Pittsburgh; Pittsburgh, PA, USA
S.E. Krahl - University of California; Los Angeles, CA, USA
J. Lemaire - Clermont-Ferrand University Hospital; Clemont-Ferrand, France
Karlo Lizarraga - University of Toronto; Toronto, Ontario, Canada
A. Machado - Cleveland Clinic; Cleveland, OH, USA
C. Mallucci - Alder Hey Children’s Hospital; Chester, UK
A. Plasencia - Pacific Institute of Radiosurgery; Lima, Peru
N. Pouratian - University of California at Los Angeles; Los Angeles, CA, USA
D. Prevedello - Ohio State University; Columbus, OH, USA
J.M. Regis - Hopitaux De Marseille; Marseille, France
A. Savas - Ankara University; Ankara, Turkey
M. Schulder - North Shore University Hospital; Manhasset, NY, USA
S. Sirin - Gulhane Military Medical Academy; Ankara, Turkey
B. Sun - Shanghai Jiaotong University; Shanghai, China
Y. Temel - Maastricht University Medical Center; Maastricht, The Netherlands
F. Xiao - National Taiwan University Hospital; Taipei, Taiwan
C. Yampolsky - Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires; Buenos Aires, Argentina
L. Zrinzo - University College; London, UK

SNI: Spine

Associate Editor-in-Chief:

Nancy Epstein, MD
NYU Winthrop Hospital; Mineola NY, USA

Editors:

K. Abumi - Hokkaido University Health; Sapporo, Japan
P. Arnold - University of Kansas; Kansas City, KS, USA
J. Baisden - University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI, USA
U. Batzdorf - UCLA Mecical Center, Los Angeles, CA, USA P.G. Benton - Atlanta Medical Center, Atlanta, GA, USA
B.R. Cohen - NYU Winthrop Hospital; Mineola, NY, USA
F. Cohen - Palm Beach Gardens Medical Center; Palm Beach Gardens, FL, USA
B. Cunha - NYU Winthrop Hospital; Mineola, NY
R. A. Deyo - Oregon Health and Science University; Portland, OR, USA
T. B. Ducker - Retired, Johns Hopkins University; Baltimore, MD, USA
J.H. Dunn - Southern Arizona VA Health Center; Tucon, AZ, USA
C. L. Forte - Blume, Goldfaden, Berkowitz, Donnelly, Fried, & Forte; Jersey City, NJ, USA
F. W. Gamache - Cornell Medical Center; NY, NY, USA
E. N. Hanley - Carolinas Health Care; Charlotte, NC, USA
H. N. Herkowitz - William Beaumont Hospital; Royal Oak, MI, USA
D. L. Hilton - Neurosurgical Associates of Aan Antonio; San Antonio, TX, USA
L. T. Holly - UCLA Medical Center; Los Angeles, CA, USA
R. Hollingsworth - NYU Winthrop Hospital; Mineola, NY, USA
G. B. Jacobs - Hackensack University Medical Center; South Hackensack, NJ, USA
J. Loeser - University of Washington; Seattle, WA, USA
P. M. Lippe - Vista de Almaden; San Jose, CA, USA
L. Laska - Tennessee State University; Nashville, TN, USA
D. J. Maiman - University of Wisconsin; Milwaukee, WI, USA
R. A. McGuire - University of Missippi Medical Center; Jackson, MS, USA
H. Morgan - University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center; Dallas, TX, USA
H. Moses - Greater Baltimore Medical Center; Baltimore, MD, USA
H. Nakagawa - Univeristy of Nagoya; Nagoya, Japan
A. Okawa - Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Graduate School of Medicine; Tokyo, Japan
A. A. Patel - Loyola University Health System; Maywood, IL, USA
R. Pawl - Loyola University Hospital; Lake Forest, IL, USA
G. R. Rechtine - Florida Orthopedic Institute; Tampa, FL, USA
R. Rosomoff - Dr. Huber Rosmoff Pain Center; Miami, FL, USA
K. Shinomiya - Tokyo Medical and Dental University; Tokyo, Japan
M. Stecker - University of California at San Francisco; Fresno, CA, USA
P. J. Tortolani - Union Memorial Hospital; Baltimore, MD, USA
V. C. Traynelis - Hackensack University Medical Center; South Hackensack, NJ, USA
M. Visocchi - Catholic University of Rome; Rome, Italy
F. Wagner - Sutter Meical Center of Santa Rosa; Santa Rosa, CA, USA
J. Wang - UCLA School of Medicine; Santa Monica, CA, USA
C. Watts - University of Texas School of Law; Austin, TX, USA
K. Yonenobu - Osaka-Minami Medical Center; Kawachinagano, Osaka, Japan
S. Zeidman - The Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences; Bethesda, MD, USA

SNI: Trauma

Associate Editor-in-Chief:

Rahul Raj, MD
Helsinki University Hospital; Helsinki, Finland

Editors:

I. Cherian - Bharatpur College of Medical Sciences; Chitwan, Nepal
P.D. Le Roux - The Brain and Spine Center; Wynnewood, PA, USA
Teemu Luoto – Tampere University Hospital; Tampere, Finland
Jussi Posti – Turku University Hospital; Turku, Finland
Eric Thelin – Karolinska University Hospital; Stockholm, Sweden

SNI: Unique Case Observations

Associate Editor-in-Chief:

Ather Enam
Aga Khan University; Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan

Editors:

T. Anton - Cleveland Clinic Foundation; Cleveland, OH, USA
A. Bydon - Johns Hopkins University - Baltimore, MD, USA
K. Hussain - Shaukat Khanum Memorial Cancer Hospital and Research Center; Lahore, Pakistan
G. Javed - Aga Khan University; Karachi, Pakistan
R. Jooma - Aga Khan University; Karachi, Pakistan
R. Khanna - College of Medicine, Florida State University; Daytona Beach, FL, USA
I.Y. Lee - Henry Ford Hospital; Detroit, MI, USA
A. Mahmood - Henry Ford Hospital; Detroit, MI, USA
J. Oro - Neurosurgery Center of Colorado; Denver, CO, USA
A.R. Sabbagh - King Fahad Medical Center; Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
D. Seyfried - Henry Ford Hospital; Detroit, MI, USA
S. Shamim - Aga Khan University; Karachi, Pakistan
M.Z. Tahir - Great Ormond Street Children's Hospital, NHS Foundation Trust; London, UK
A. Thomas - Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard; Boston, MA, USA
X. Zhang - Shanghai Jiaotong University; Shanghai, China

Contributing Editors

Ethics: L.F. Post, MD
Genetics: R. Rosenberg, MD

Psychiatry

M. Gaviria - University of Illinois at Chicago; Chicago, IL, USA
E.J. Nestler - Mount Sinai School of Medicine; New York, NY, USA
C. Pritchard - Bournemouth University; Poole, England

SNI Publications

Owners:

James I Ausman, MD, PhD
Carolyn R Ausman, BSS

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