Cerebrospinal fluid venous fistula: Illustrative case

Nathan A. Shlobin, Shane Shahrestani, Saman Shabani, Nitin Agarwal, Lee Tan

Date of publication: 19-Aug-2022

Background: Spinal cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) venous fistulas are an under-recognized cause for spontaneous intracranial hypotension (SIH) which may result in postural headaches.

Robotics in neurosurgery: Current prevalence and future directions

Rohin Singh, Kendra Wang, Muhammad Bilal Qureshi, India C. Rangel, Nolan J. Brown, Shane Shahrestani, Oren N. Gottfried, Naresh P. Patel, Mohamad Bydon

Date of publication: 19-Aug-2022

Background: The first instance of a robotic-assisted surgery occurred in neurosurgery; however, it is now more common in other fields such as urology and gynecology. This study aims to characterize the prevalence of robotic surgery among current neurosurgery programs as well as identify trends in clinical trials pertaining to robotic neurosurgery.

11C-methionine- and 18F-FDG-PET double-negative metastatic brain tumor from lung adenocarcinoma with paradoxical high 18F-FDG uptake: A case report

Kuniaki Tanahashi, Masaki Hirano, Lushun Chalise, Takahiko Tsugawa, Yuka Okumura, Tetsunari Hase, Fumiharu Ohka, Kazuya Motomura, Kazuhito Takeuchi, Yuichi Nagata, Norimoto Nakahara, Naozumi Hashimoto, Ryuta Saito

Date of publication: 19-Aug-2022

Background: Imaging with 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG)-positron emission tomography (PET) and 11C-methionine (MET)-PET can delineate primary and metastatic brain tumors. Lesion size affects the sensitivity of both scans and histopathological features can also influence FDG-PET, but the effects on MET-PET have not been elucidated.

Clinical features of herpes simplex virus reactivation after microvascular decompression for trigeminal neuralgia: Experience of 200 patients and a literature review

Asami Kikuchi, Sumiko Ishizaki, Suguru Yokosako, Hidetoshi Kasuya, Yuichi Kubota

Date of publication: 19-Aug-2022

Background: Herpes simplex virus (HSV) reactivation occasionally develops in the early postoperative period after microvascular decompression (MVD) for trigeminal neuralgia (TN). Therefore, the present study investigated the clinical features of this phenomenon.

Nosocomial Elizabethkingia meningoseptica meningitis and bacteremia in a post transsphenoidal hypophysectomy complicated with sagittal sinus thrombosis: A case report

Naavin Kumar Balakrishnan, Abdul Rahman Izaini Ghani, Mohamad Hasyizan Hassan, Laila Ab. Mukmin, W. Mohd Nazaruddin W. Hassan

Date of publication: 19-Aug-2022

Background: Elizabethkingia meningoseptica meningitis is rare and challenging to manage infection. As this infection is always associated with superimposed multidrug-resistant organisms, a combination and prolonged antibiotic treatment are necessary to ensure the complete eradication of infections.

Prediction of the functional and radiological outcome on the basis of independent factors with special emphasis on the use of 3D printed models in craniovertebral junction surgery

Rashim Kataria, Mudit Mehrotra, Devendra Kumar Purohit, Ajay Gupta, Monika Rathore

Date of publication: 19-Aug-2022

Background: The aim of the study was to evaluate the advantage of performing planned surgery using customized three-dimensional (3D) printed models versus performing surgery without using 3D printed models in patients with craniovertebral junction (CVJ) anomalies and traumatic CVJ fractures and dislocations.

Rathke’s cleft cysts: A single-center case series

Guive Sharifi, Arsalan Amin, Mahmoud Lotfinia, Mohammad Hallajnejad, Zahra Davoudi, Nader Akbari Dilmaghani, Omidvar Rezaei Mirghaed

Date of publication: 19-Aug-2022

Background: Rathke’s cleft cysts (RCCs) are common benign sellar or suprasellar lesions. The aim of this study is to report our experience on the management of 27 RCC cases.

Effect of drug use in the treatment of acute ischemic stroke: A scoping review

Nisha Dabhi, Panagiotis Mastorakos, Jennifer D. Sokolowski, Ryan T. Kellogg, Min S. Park

Date of publication: 19-Aug-2022

Background: Drugs of abuse have been associated with ischemic stroke; however, the clinical presentation, outcomes, and treatment data in this population are limited. The overall safety and efficacy of thrombolytic therapy and thrombectomy in these patients remain unclear. This scoping review summarizes published complications and clinical outcomes in patients with recent abuse of cocaine, methamphetamine (MA), cannabis, decongestant, opioids, alcohol, and 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) presenting with acute ischemic stroke.

Successful conservative management of a large acute epidural hematoma in a patient with arrested hydrocephalus: A case report

Kevin Ivan Peñaverde Chan, Jose Francisco Abawag Aguilar, Kathleen Joy Ong Khu

Date of publication: 19-Aug-2022

Background: Arrested hydrocephalus is a condition wherein congenital hydrocephalus spontaneously ceases to progress due to a balance between production and absorption of cerebrospinal fluid. These patients rarely present with pressure symptoms so conservative treatment may be instituted. There are, however, little data on the long-term outcomes of these patients and how they present in the presence of other intracranial pathologies as they transition into adulthood. We aim to add to the growing knowledge about the management of patients with arrested hydrocephalus who have sustained traumatic hematomas.

Case report: Primary ependymoma of the trigeminal nerve presenting as trigeminal neuralgia

Zara Shah, Mohammad Yousuf Islam, Fatima Suleman, Aisha Hassan Memon, Fatima Mubarak, Shahzad M. Shamim

Date of publication: 19-Aug-2022

Background: Ependymomas are usually found in the posterior fossa originating from the fourth ventricle. Primary ependymomas arising from cranial nerves are rare with only a handful of reported cases. Trigeminal neuralgia (TN) is rarely due to space occupying lesions.